Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti: Know the complete heroic story of the 10th Guru of Sikhs

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  • Guru Gobind Singh was the tenth Guru of the Sikhs
  • His birth anniversary is also known as Prakash Parv
  • He was a spiritual leader, warrior, poet and philosopher


Guru Govind Singh Jayanti 2022: The auspicious occasion of Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti is also known as the Prakash Parv of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Guru of the Sikhs. On this day, devotees from all over the world send greetings to each other and take a pledge to follow the teachings and path of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. According to the Gregorian calendar, Guru Gobind Singh’s birth anniversary falls in December or January every year, but the annual celebration of the Guru’s birth anniversary takes place according to the Nanakshahi calendar. This year Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti is falling on January 9, 2022. This day is celebrated in the honor and remembrance of the great warrior, poet, philosopher and spiritual master. According to the Drik Panchang, Guru Gobind Singh ji was born on Paush Shukla Saptami. In 2022, Paush Shukla Saptami Tithi will start from 10:42 am on 8 January 2022 and will end on 9 January 2022 at 11:08 pm.

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History of Guru Gobind Singh

“Chidiya Naal Main Baaz Ladwan Gidran Num Main Sher Banana Seva Lakh Se Ek Ladwan Tam Govind Singh Naam Dharawan” These words spoken by the tenth Guru of the Sikhs, Shri Govind Singh in the 17th century, are still heard today. Guru Gobind Singh Ji was born in Patna as Gobind Rai who became the tenth Sikh Guru. He was a spiritual leader, warrior, poet and philosopher. He formally became the leader and protector of the Sikhs at the age of nine, when the ninth Sikh Guru and his father, Guru Tegh Bahadur, were executed by Aurangzeb for refusing to convert to Islam. Guru Gobind ji led the Sikh community through his teachings and philosophy and soon acquired historical importance. He was instrumental in institutionalizing the Khalsa. Guru Gobind Singh Ji had declared the Guru Granth Sahib as the holy scripture of Sikhism in 1708 before his death.

Significance of Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti

Guru Gobind Singh ji was a great warrior. He was known for his inclination towards poetry and philosophy and writing. He refused to answer to the Mughal invaders and fought with the Khalsa to protect his people. Under his guidance his followers followed a strict code. His philosophy, writings and poetry continue to inspire people even today. To celebrate Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti, Sikhs from all over the world visit gurdwaras, where prayer meetings are held in honor of Guru Gobind Singh. People participate in processions organized by gurudwaras, perform kirtan and also perform seva, an important part of Sikhism, for the community.

It was Guru Gobind Singh who introduced the five Kakars to be followed by the Sikhs:

Hairstyle: Uncut hair

Kangha : A wooden comb

Cara: an iron or steel bracelet worn on the wrist

Saber: A sword

Kachera: short underpants

Guru Gobind Singh was also a poet, spiritual master, warrior, philosopher and writer. He died in 1708 but his values ​​and beliefs live on through his followers.

was born in Patna

Guru Gobind Singh Ji was the 10th Guru of the Sikhs. Guru Gobind Singh was born on 22 December 1666 of Paush Shukla Saptami Samvat 1723 i.e. in Sahib, Patna, the house of the ninth Sikh Guru. His childhood name was Govind Rai. Guru Gobind Singh’s family moved to Punjab in 1670. Guru Gobind Singh ji was a great warrior, poet, devotee and spiritual leader. Guru Gobind Singh founded the Khalsa Panth on the day of 1699 Baisakhi, this day is considered to be the most important day in the history of Sikhs. It is said that Guru Gobind Singh Ji had spent his entire life serving people and walking on the path of truth. The example and teachings of Guru Gobind Singh inspire people even today.

Always gave the message of love, unity, brotherhood

Guru Gobind Singh Ji always gave the message of love, unity, brotherhood. He believed that man should not intimidate anyone and should not be afraid of anyone. There was a sense of sweetness, simplicity, courtesy and detachment in his speech. The first philosophy of his life was that the path of religion is the path of truth and truth always wins. Guru Gobind Singh Ji had spent his entire life serving the people and walking on the path of truth. Guru Gobind Singh died at the age of 42 on 7 October 1708 in Nanded, Maharashtra.

Guru Gobind’s marriage

The 10th Sikh Guru Guru Gobind ji had three marriages, his first marriage was with a girl Jeeto living in Basantgarh, near Anandpur. After marriage to both of them, three children named Zorawar Singh, Fateh Singh and Jujhar Singh were born. After this he had a second marriage with Mata Sundari and after marriage, he got a son named Ajit Singh. Then Guru Gobind ji had married Mata Sahib for the third time, but he did not get any child from this marriage.

Major Works of Guru Gobind Singh Ji

It was Guru Gobind Sahib ji who started the tradition of putting a lion in front of the name of the Sikhs, which is still being run by the people of the Sikh religion. Guru Gobind Singh Ji accomplished this by compiling the great teachings of many great Sikh Gurus into the holy scripture of the Sikhs, the Guru Granth Sahib. Waheguru, Guru Gobind Singh Ji ended the tradition of the successors of the Gurus. For the people of Sikhism, the Guru Granth Sahib was made the most sacred and the symbol of Guru.

Establishment of Khalsa Panth

The 10th Guru of Sikhism, Gobind ji founded the Khalsa Panth in the year 1669 to protest against the Mughal emperors.
In Sikh literature, the creation of literature named “Chandi Deewar” by the great ideas of Guru Gobind Singh ji holds special importance.

Some major wars fought by Guru Gobind Singh

The 10th Guru of the Sikhs, Gobind Singh Ji, along with his Sikh followers, fought many big battles against the Mughals. According to historians, Gobind Singh ji fought 14 wars in his life, during which he had to lose some brave Sikh soldiers along with his family members, but Guru Gobind ji continued his fight with bravery without stopping.

Battle of Bhangani (1688)
Battle of Nandaun (1691)
Battle of Guler (1696)
First Battle of Anandapur (1700)
Battle of Nirmohgarh (1702)
Battle of Basoli (1702)
Battle of Chamkaur (1704)
Battle of Anandapur (1704)
Battle of Sarsa (1704)
Battle of Muktsar (1705)

Major compositions of Guru Gobind Singh ji-

Chandi Di Vaar
Jaap Sahib
Khalsa Mahima
Akal Ustat
bachitra drama
In Zafarnama

Guru Gobind Singh ji died in the year 1708.

After the death of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, his son Bahadur Shah was made the successor. Guru Gobind ji helped in making Bahadur Shah the emperor. Because of this, a very good relationship was formed between Bahadur Shah and Guru Gobind ji. On the other hand, Nawab Wajid Khan of the outskirts did not like the friendship of Guru Gobind Singh and Bahadur Shah at all, so he planned to kill Guru Gobind ji with his two Pathans and then on 7 October 1708, Guru Gobind Singh ji in Nanded Sahib, Maharashtra. He took his last breath.

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