The effects of the epidemic on the physical and mental health of women

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The Covid-19 epidemic has shaken the world with more than 4.6 million deaths (and is still on the rise). The epidemic has further widened the pre-existing gap between the privileged and backward sections of the society and women and girls have been most affected.

The World Economic Forum’s 2021 report on gender segregation stated that the epidemic had turned the tide of gender development over the past 39 years. Access to healthcare services for women and girls has been disrupted, and measures such as lockdowns have led to an increase in gender-based violence. Worryingly, we have not learned anything from such situations in the past. Incidents of violence and exploitation of women and girls were also reported during the Ebola epidemic.

Effects on sexual and reproductive health

The health system around the world has been overwhelmed by CWOD-19, as efforts to meet the essential care requirements for epidemic victims have resulted in the most compromise on women’s health. Many countries have failed to provide sexual and reproductive health services, which has led to neglect of women’s health and increased risks to their health.

The International Medical Journal, The Lancet, published a systematic review and joint analysis of 40 studies on maternity and its findings, concluding that epidemic disease can lead to miscarriage, maternal mortality and Postpartum depression has increased significantly.

The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) has found that the epidemic has prevented women in 115 low- and middle-income countries from accessing family planning services for an average of 3.6 months. As a result, 7 million unintended pregnancies have been estimated.

The study found that the epidemic weakened maternal health services in Nepal, where 258 women died as a result of pregnancy or childbirth between March 2020 and June 2021, compared to the pre-Kwid-19. There were 51 maternal deaths per year.

Increased gender-based violence

Violence against women is defined as ‘physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering’. Violence against women has risen by 25% since the epidemic, according to a United Nations report. The nature of the epidemic and its aftermath make it difficult for women to access legal or health services, as the world devotes most of its resources to tackling the epidemic. Have happened

The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) has released alarming figures in this regard. During 2020, 243 million women and girls were subjected to violence, and many countries even had to declare an “emergency” against gender-based violence and killings. Reports of domestic violence in France increased by 30%, 36 women were killed in Turkey in July 2020 alone and 10 women were killed in Quebec in the first quarter of 2021, compared to 12 women killed in the whole of 2020. Were

* Effects on girls and young women

During crises, girls and women are among the most vulnerable groups in society because they are the most vulnerable.

Recent studies have found disturbing statistics: a study in India found that epidemics increased the incidence of gender conflicts, marital rape, domestic violence and threats of forced marriage, which increased the number of girls. And women were disproportionately affected. In Uganda, there have been increasing reports of child neglect and physical and sexual abuse of children, with girls being the most affected.

The World Bank says investing and promoting girls’ education has resulted in a reduction in HIV / AIDS rates, early pregnancy and child mortality, and improved access to social justice with improved maternal health and economic growth. Gets better UNESCO estimates that 11 million girls may not be able to return to school due to the epidemic, which could jeopardize their future.

Efforts to return to gender equality

Countries around the world have been affected by the epidemic of Quid-19, which has damaged the basic rights of women and girls and their status in society. It is important to recognize that women and girls are at greater risk and therefore are disproportionately discriminated against, neglected and abused.

How can we learn from the epidemic and build a better world to ensure that women and girls are not left behind? According to experts, taking into account the views of girls and women in this regard, giving them the right to sexual and reproductive health, bringing girls and young women out of school due to the epidemic, and so on. Through it, the lives of girls and women can be changed, which in turn will improve their physical and mental health.


Shahaab ud din

Shahab is a journalist at and he deals with Health News. Shahab is a very professional and authentic news journalist.

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