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Egypt and the United States mediate in the conflict in Sudan

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The Egyptian President, Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, expressed on January 13 his country’s support for the search for a consensual solution to the conflict that keeps the civil and military parts of the Government of Sudan in conflict.

The political confrontation keeps Sudan mired in confrontation, due to protests by the civilian population after the coup d’état perpetrated on October 25 by the Sudanese Army against those who were his civil partners in the Government.

With the coalition of both parties since 2019, a period of transition towards democracy was established.

PHOTO/ARCHIVO – Sudanese Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok

However, with the resignation at the beginning of this month of January Abdullah Hamdok | as prime minister, the political landscape caused by the recent coup d’état is further complicated.

In addition, a new occupation of power by military force has been encouraged, which is giving rise to a wave of protests and a escalation of violence in the African country.

Due to the good relations that Egypt has historically maintained with Sudan, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has taken part as a mediator between the parties and has urged them to agree on the election of a prime minister who will assume the country’s transition to the formation of a new government that successfully achieves the establishment of democracy in the country.

The situation in Sudan requires consensus and dialogue between all parties and forces so that there is a way out and appropriate action for a transition period that will see elections at the end,” the Egyptian president declared.

Sudan Demonstration
PHOTO/ARCHIVO– Demonstration Sudan

American mediation

According to information from the United States Department of State, David Satterfield, delegate envoy from the United States to the Horn of Africa, and Molly Phee, Undersecretary of State for African Affairs, will visit the capitals of Saudi Arabia, Ethiopia and Sudan over the next week, from January 17 to 20, coinciding with the crisis currently facing African countries.

This US delegation will meet in Riyadh with the “Friends of Sudan” , a group that supports the restoration of the transitional government of Sudan after the military coup in October.

The goal of the meeting is to “mobilize international support” for the mission of the United Nations Organization (UN), whose objective is to “facilitate a new civil transition to democracy” in Sudan, according to the statement of the United States Department of State.

Thousands of Sudanese pro-democracy protesters rallied outside the presidential palace in Khartoum, braving tear gas, a massive deployment of armed soldiers and a telecommunications blackout.
PHOTO / AFP– Thousands of Sudanese pro-democracy protesters rallied outside the presidential palace in Khartoum, braving tear gas, a massive deployment of armed soldiers and a telecommunications blackout

After the meeting in Riyadh, the next meeting point will be Khartoum, the Sudanese capital, where they will meet with several pro-democracy activist organizations, women’s and youth groups, and various political and military figures .

In the statement, the message that the United States sent was that the country “is committed to freedom, peace and justice for the people of Sudan.”

Also, the last meeting place will be in Addis Ababa, where the two officials will meet with Abiy Ahmed , Ethiopian Prime Minister, to end the escalation of the civil war.

Sudan's top general Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, center left, and Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok hold documents during a ceremony to reinstate Hamdok, deposed in an October coup
PHOTO/Sovereign Transitional Council of Sudan via AP – Sudan’s top general Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, center left, and Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok hold documents during a ceremony to reinstate Hamdok, deposed in an October coup

According to the statement, they will demand a ceasefire, as well as the release of political prisoners and the restoration of humanitarian access, encouraging the Government to choose the path of peace, “ending air strikes and other hostilities.”

According to the United Nations, at least 108 people have died since early January in airstrikes believed to have been sent by Ethiopian forces in Tigray.

in the midst of conflict

It is noteworthy that, following the resignation of Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok on January 2, the body in command of the National Pact Forces He assures that he will carry out consultations with the aim of appointing a new interim government to fill his gap.

Sudanese demonstrators take to the streets in the capital, Khartoum, on December 25, 2021, to protest against the Army
POHTO / AFP– Sudanese demonstrators take to the streets in the capital, Khartoum, on December 25, 2021, to protest against the Army

“The management body will proceed to consult with the rest of the components to designate an interim government until the parties agree at the end of the dialogue”, he added.

Sudan is in the midst of a crisis that has fragmented the country and its population .

The current government faces massive protests from the civilians who reject the continuity of the military command in the organs of power,demanding the release of detained civilian leaders, which the military rejects until new elections are held.

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Usama Younus

Usama Younus is the owner and super admin of the site he's is an expert in news editing, tech and entertainment magazine management, and articles editing E.T.C.

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