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What is File Transfer Protocol and how FTP works


Complete FTP form What is it in Hindi: In today’s article we will tell you FTP protocol whatFTP protocol Work How Is EastFTP protocol Of typeFTP protocol Of Advantages, damageFTP command And FTP And HTTP protocol In difference They will give complete information on the subject.

We hope that you the Internet But after reading this article, you won’t need to go to another article to learn about FTP. So you must read this article till the end.

So let’s get started without taking much of your time, learn more about this article FTP protocol What Would have is in hindi.

What is FTP

FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is a client-server protocol Network protocol Which one is TCP/IP at login the computer Used to transmit files between FTP is considered an application layer protocol under TCP/IP. In file exchange via FTP protocol, the end user’s computer is called the local host and the other computer is the remote server.

What is File Transfer Protocol and How FTP Works (FTP in Hindi)

Client via FTP protocol Waiter But you can upload, download, rename, delete, move, copy, etc. files, for this the client must connect to the FTP server.

After connecting to the FTP server, the client accommodation Can access files on the server and on the computer simultaneously. When a web developer creates a website, he can only upload files to the server through the FTP protocol. FTP protocols generally use port number 21 to communicate with the client.

Software is required to use the FTP server. FileZilla is popular software used by web developers around the world for FTP servers. Apart from this, there are many software available through which the client can access the FTP server.

Examples of FTP clients

As we mentioned above, there are special requirements to access the FTP server. Software Which are also called FTP clients. Below are examples of some of the most commonly used major FTP software.

  • FileZilla
  • Cyberduck
  • FireFTP
  • WinSCP

Complete FTP form

The full name of FTP is File Transfer Protocol, also called File Transfer Protocol in Hindi.

History of FTP

The first FTP specification was published as RFC114 on April 16, 1971, and was developed by Abhay Bhushan, a student at MTI University (Massachusetts Institute of Technology). The main purpose of developing FTP was to securely transfer files through the NCP (Network Control Program) over the ARPANET network, the ancestor of the Internet.

As the Internet became popular and began to spread around the world, TCP/IP was used instead of NCP in FTP, and FTP was also updated.

In 1980, Jon Postel, a researcher at the University of Southern California’s Institute of Computer Science, developed a new version of FTP in the form of RFC765. About 5 years later, a new version of FTP was released as RFC 959. It also expanded a variety of features in FTP, including the ability to create and delete file directories.

Another new version of FTP was released in 1997 as RFC 2228, and two years later FTP was released as RFC 2428 to support the IPv6 protocol.

How FTP Protocol Works

How FTP works is very simple as you must have already understood that FTP is a client-server protocol which helps to establish communication between client and server.

When the user FTP client or FTP Software When the server sends a request to the hosting server, the server communicates all its data to the user in the form of a directory, but for this the FTP software must be connected to the user’s hosting. The user needs a username and password on the FTP server.

When the user wants to upload or download a file, the client communicates with the server through the FTP protocol and the user can modify the files. Using FTP, a client can upload, download, delete, rename, transfer, and copy files to the server. FTP listens to the client on port 21.

Types of Protocol in Hindi

There are many types of FTP protocols, some of the major types of FTP protocols are as follows –

1 – Anonymous FTP

By using this type of FTP, the user can transfer data without username and password. It is the most basic form of the FTP protocol.

2 – Password Protected FTP (Password Protected FTP)

To use this type of FTP, the user needs a username and password. It is also one of the most basic FTPs.

3 – Secure File Transfer Protocol (Secure FTP)

File Transfer Protocol Secure is known as FTPS, this FTP is very old. In this type of ftp all Data Encrypted or kept safe. Hackers can’t hack them easily.

4 – SSH file transfer protocol

This type of FTP is called SFTP. Secure Sell is used for a secure connection in SFTP. User ID, password and SSH key are also used for authentication in SFTP.

Using FTP

  • The main use of FTP is to transfer files from one system to another.
  • FTP is also used for backing up data to the server.
  • With the help of FTP, data can be uploaded to the server.

Advantages of FTP

Here are some of the major benefits of File Transfer Protocol –

  • Using FTP, customers can transfer files to multiple directories at once.
  • Files can be transferred at high speed via FTP.
  • FTP has the ability to save automatically which is very useful for the user.
  • Thanks to FTP, the client can easily access the files on the server.

Disadvantage of FTP

FTP protocol also has some disadvantages such as –

  • Not all FTP stays encrypted or secure.
  • If you choose the wrong provider, FTP is unable to protect all of your data, so hackers can figure out your password by creating thousands of passwords through brute force attacks brute.

Difference Between FTP and HTTP

Here are the main differences between FTP and HTTP protocols –

FTP (File Transfer Protocol) HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
The full name of FTP is File Transfer Protocol. The full name of HTTP is Hypertext Transfer Protocol.
Using FTP, you can move or copy a file from the server to the client’s system. Data (text, image, audio, video, etc.) from the HTTP server is displayed to the user through the browser.
FTP is a good option for transferring large files. HTTP is a good choice for transferring small files.
Binary code is used for file transfer in FTP. The MIME format is used to transfer files over HTTP.
Difference Between FTP and HTTP in Hindi

FTP command

Here are some File Transfer Protocol commands –

  • USER – To pass the user’s identity to the server.
  • PASS – To send the user’s password to the server.
  • OPEN – To open the address.
  • GET – To receive files from the remote server.
  • SEND – Send a single single file.
  • PUT – Sending a file.
  • CLOSE – Disconnect from FTP.
  • QUIT – Complete disconnection from the remote server and shutdown of FTP.

FAQ: What is FTP in Hindi

What is File Transfer Protocol?

File Transfer Protocol is a network protocol that allows clients to access files from a server. The FTP protocol is mainly used to transfer files between two computers.

What is the full form of FTP?

The full name of FTP is File Transfer Protocol.

What port does FTP work on?

FTP uses two ports, port number 21 for the command port and port number 20 for posting data.

Who invented the FTP protocol?

The FTP protocol was invented by Abhay Bhushan in 1971.

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You learned: What is FTP in Hindi?

In this article we have What is the FTP protocol? In Hindi We hope that after reading this article, you must have learned a lot of useful things about the FTP protocol, such as FTP Work How Is EastFTP Of type, Use, Advantages, damageFTP ordered And FTP And HTTP In difference.

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