World Tiger Day 2022: Today is World Tiger Day, read here important facts related to Tiger Day

World Tiger Day 2022: World Tiger Day or International Tiger Day is celebrated annually on July 29 to raise awareness of the declining feral cat population and their conservation efforts. Its goal is to promote a global system of protection for tigers’ natural habitats and to increase public awareness and support for tiger conservation issues. This year is the 12th International Tiger Day.

World Tiger Day or International Tiger Day: Meaning

According to WWF experts, over the past 100 years, around 97% of the world’s wild tiger population has declined. There are currently only 3,000 tigers alive, compared to around 100,000 tigers a century ago. Several international organizations, including the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) and the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute (SCBI) are also committed to the conservation of wild tigers. The tigers come in different colors like white tiger, white tiger with black stripes, brown tiger with black stripes and golden tiger and watching them walk can be a wonderful sight. So far, Bali tiger, Caspian tiger, Javan tiger and tiger hybrid are the species that have gone extinct.

History of International Tiger Day

World Tiger Day began in 2010 with the signing of the St. Petersburg Declaration by 13 tiger range countries in Russia. The governments of these tiger range countries had pledged to encourage conservation to protect natural habitats and double the number of tigers by 2022. Poaching and illegal trade in tiger body parts such that bones and skin are the biggest threats to wild tigers. The demand for tiger body parts has increased the poaching and smuggling of feral cats.

different species of tigers

Siberian tiger, Bengal tiger, Indochina tiger, Malayan tiger and South China tiger. Bengal tigers are mainly found in India, which is also less populated in Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, China, and Myanmar. It is the largest of all tiger subspecies, with over 2,500 in the wild.

importance of tiger conservation

  • Tiger conservation is a symbol of forest conservation.

  • The tiger is a unique animal that plays an important role in a healthy ecosystem and its diversity.

  • It is a heavy consumer of a food chain that sits at the top of the food chain and keeps wild populations (mainly large mammals) in check.

  • In this way, the tiger helps maintain a balance between herbivorous animals through hunting and the vegetation they depend on for food.

  • The goal of tiger conservation is not just to save a beautiful animal.

  • It is also useful to ensure that we live longer, because through this protection we obtain ecological services like clean air, water, pollination, temperature regulation, etc.

  • Apart from this, the importance of tiger conservation can be demonstrated by the report “Status of Leopards, Co-predators and Herbivores-2018” (Status of Leopards, Co-predators and Megaherbivores-2018).

  • This is a significant increase from 2014, when there were 7,910 in natural forested habitats in 18 tiger-rich states in the country.

  • This report is proof that conserving tigers protects the entire ecosystem.

tiger conservation projects in india

Project Tiger 1973: It is a program sponsored by the Ministry of Environment, Forestry and Climate Change (MoEFCC) started in 1973. It houses the tigers in the national parks of the country.

National Tiger Conservation Authority: It is a statutory body under the MoEFCC and was established in 2005 following the recommendations of the Tiger Task Force.

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